Enhancing effectiveness of Vietnam-China comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership

Thursday, 2017-01-12 11:44:19
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Vietnamese General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong and Chinese General Secretary and President Xi Jinping during the latter's visit to Vietnam in 2015
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NDO - At the invitation of Chinese General Secretary and President Xi Jinping, Vietnamese Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong has begun his official visit to the People’s Republic of China. This is General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong’s first official visit to China since the 12th Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Coming at a time when the two countries are marking the 67th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties and preparing for the Lunar New Year, the visit is a significant political event contributing to the implementation of the 12th Party Congress’ foreign policy.

The visit not only aims to orientate and create a more healthy momentum for Vietnam-China relations, but will also help to maintain and reinforce a peaceful and stable environment for national development and defence, enhancing Vietnam’s position on the international stage.

During the past 38 years of reform and opening under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the Chinese people have recorded tremendous achievements in their socialist construction. The 18th CPC Congress in November 2011 outlined the orientations for completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects until 2020, affirming the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. After the 18th Congress, General Secretary and President Xi Jinping implemented many major domestic and foreign policies to demonstrate China’s position as a great power and realising the goal of making China a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious.

In recent years, China’s socioeconomic situation has continued to see steady development. In 2015 China’s GDP grew 6.9% to reach CNY67,700 billion (US$10,800 billion) with GDP per capita CNY21,966 (US$3,384). The country’s economy grew 6.7% in the first nine months of 2016 and registered a trade surplus of US$307.54 billion.

The time-honoured friendly neighbourly relations between Vietnam and China, nurtured by President Ho Chi Minh, Chairman Mao Zedong and generations of the two countries’ leaders, are an important factor to the victory of each country’s revolution and a valuable asset for the two Parties, countries and peoples that needs to be inherited, safeguarded and promoted.

In the last 67 years since the establishment of diplomatic ties, there have been ups and downs but friendship and cooperation are still mainstream in Vietnam-China relations. The Vietnamese people will always remember the Chinese people’s huge and effective assistance to the struggle for national independence and reunification in the past as well as the current national construction and reform.

Since the normalisation of relations in 1991, despite some difficulties, Vietnam-China relations in general have seen rapid and extensive development in all fields, bringing tangible benefits to both sides. The two countries have established a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership and implemented dozens of cooperative mechanisms at all levels and across all sectors.

Delegation exchanges and high-level meetings between the two Parties and countries as well as between ministries, agencies and localities have also been maintained and fostered. The two sides affirm their respect for bilateral relations and agree to earnestly implement agreements and common perceptions reached by senior leaders of the two Parties and countries lately, especially during General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong’s visit to China in April 2015 and General Secretary Xi Jinping’s visit to Vietnam in November 2015, continually strengthening and fostering the Vietnam-China comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership in a stable, healthy and increasingly substantive manner.

For more than ten years, China has been Vietnam’s largest trading partner while Vietnam has become China’s third-largest trading partner in Southeast Asia with bilateral trade in the first eleven months of 2016 reaching US$64.25 billion, up more than 6% over the same period a year earlier. Cooperation in culture, education, science, technology and tourism has seen many substantive developments. China positively responded to Vietnam’s request to increase water discharges from Jinghong Dam to help deal with drought and saltwater intrusion in the Mekong Delta. The situation on the land border and the Gulf of Tonkin is basically stable. However, the situation in the East Sea remains complicated, especially in light of China’s island-building programme in the Truong Sa (Spratly) Archipelago, which has raised concerns among the Vietnamese public and the international community.

General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong’s visit is significant to Vietnam-China relations and Vietnam’s foreign relations in general. On this occasion, Vietnam affirms its steadfastness in its foreign policy of independence, self-reliance, diversification and multilateralisation, consistently valuing and hoping for fine and substantive relations with China on the basis of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit; maintaining high-level exchanges between the two Parties and States to increase political trust; protecting Vietnam’s legitimate rights in the East Sea in accordance with international law, properly controlling disputes and maintaining peace and stability in the East Sea.

May General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong’s visit be a success, helping to enhance the effectiveness of cooperation in all areas, especially economic cooperation, while also boosting the time-honoured friendly neighbourly relations and the Vietnam-China comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership in a healthy, stable and sustainable manner for the sake of both countries’ peoples, for peace, stability, cooperation and development in the region and the world at large.